The principle of design that combines elements in a work of art to emphasize the similarities of separate but related parts.
In musical harmony, related tones are combined into blended sounds. Harmony is pleasing because the tones complement each other. In visual harmony, related art elements are combined. The result looks pleasing because the elements complement each other.
Color can be used to create harmony and similarity of shapes can create harmony.
In the print titled, “Obama”, Laura creates a sense of harmony by using rhythmic lines throughout the piece . She also has selected a muted neutral color scheme for the print that creates a sense of calm warmth.
Unity is the presentation of an integrated image. It refers to a congruity or agreement that exists among the elements in a design; they look as though they belong together. Unity is often interchanged with the term, “wholeness.”
In the image to the right, Olivia creates unity by photographing the ends of markers. The repetition of circles create an overall pattern. Additionally, the use of a warm color scheme creates a wholeness.
Unity here refers only to the visual unity of the piece, not the conceptual unity of the various elements of the art.
There are several ways that an artist can create unity within a piece of artwork.
One simple way to gain unity is to make separate elements in a composition closer to one another.
When there is now way to put elements next to each other in a composition the artist must use other methods to unify the image.
In the Adidas poster of the soccer player you’ll see a similar effect occurring as the simple design example. Each of the elements is different, the soccer player, the balls, the face, the cityscape. One technique used in the composition to make it unified is placing the elements in close proximity. Another technique used in repeating the similar shapes. REPETITION is another simple way to create unity.
In the photograph to the left, Ruby G. has used rivets to attach two polaroid photographs. The simple repetition of the this element creates unity in the photograph further emphasizing the her concept of the bond between a brother and a sister.
Similarly, Ruby uses repetition and proximity of the globe shapes in the piece titled, Doves, to create unity. The subtlety of this piece is what makes it successful, but what make ties the composition together is the effective use of proximity.
In the image to the right of the fire escape, you can see a more subtle way to create unity - CONTINUATION. This technique means that something continues - usually a line, an edge, or a direction from one form to another. The viewer’s eye is carried smoothly from on to the next. In the photograph, one can see the continuation of zig-zag lines that move from the bottom to the top of the picture plane. Additionally, there is a continuation of rectangles that also leads your eyes from the bottom to the top of the composition.
Obama,Laura D. 2008
Adidas Add, Kelly W., 2008
Doves, Ruby G., 2008
Saints, Katia D., 2007
Untitled, Ruby G. 2008